As a foreign real estate investor considering investing in Monaco, navigating the country's tax system can be a daunting task. Monaco has a unique tax system that can be complex and confusing for those unfamiliar with it. However, understanding the tax implications of your investment is crucial to ensure you make informed decisions and avoid potential penalties. 


Monaco's Tax System: An Overview for Foreign Real Estate Investors


No Wealth, Capital Gains or Personal Income Taxes

Monaco is known for its favourable tax system. It does not have a wealth or capital gains tax, in addition to not having a personal income tax. This makes it an attractive location for foreign investors looking to invest in real estate.


All residents of Monaco, except French nationals, are also exempt from paying income, capital gains, or improvement taxes. There are two distinct categories for French nationals:

• The same approach applies to French nationals who can demonstrate that they lived in Monaco for at least 5 years prior to October 31, 1962.

• The French government collects French income tax from other French citizens.

• The following inheritance tax rates apply to assets located in Monaco:

• 0% in the direct line of descent.

• 8% when it comes to siblings

• 10% when there are aunts and nephews.

• 13% between relatives

• 16% between non-relatives


• Aside from the tax on earnings indicated in the preceding situations, there is no direct tax on corporations.

Transfer Tax on Real Estate

The "droit de mutation," or transfer tax, is levied on real estate in Monaco. This tax is determined as a percentage of the purchase price and is paid by the buyer of the property. Foreign real estate investors need to be aware of this tax when considering investing in real estate in Monaco.

No Tax on Assets Located Outside of Monaco

Regardless of the nationality or place of residence of the person or company who owns the assets, they are not taxable if they are located outside of Monaco. This is an important point for foreign investors to keep in mind when considering investing in real estate in Monaco.

Corporate Tax Rates in Monaco

Monaco is also a desirable location for enterprises since its tax rates are often lower than those of its neighbours. For earnings made within Monaco, the nation levies a corporate tax, with rates ranging according to the size of the business. This is another important consideration for foreign real estate investors looking to invest in Monaco.


Fiscal stamps and registration duties

All governmental civil and judicial actions require fiscal stamps. In addition, for a document to be considered valid for use as evidence in court, it must be stamped. The price of a stamp is either a set fee or varies depending on the document's format or the amount of money being transferred. For the registration of real estate transfers or ownership changes, registration fees are collected.



Is there any corporate income tax?

Monaco does not have formal corporate income tax, but some companies' net profits are directly taxed.

Companies that conduct business in Monaco and get income from patents or literary or creative copyrights are subject to a 25% profit tax, as are businesses that generate more than 25% of their revenue from sources outside the Principality.


Customs and VAT regulations

As a result, its VAT and customs laws diverge from those of the EU.

Monaco is a member of the European Union Customs Union, hence its customs practices are essentially the same as those of other EU members. Customs duties and taxes, which are determined by the items' value, place of origin, and kind, must be paid on goods brought into Monaco from outside the EU. The individual items and their classification affect the customs duty and tax rates.

VAT Laws: Monaco has its own VAT laws that are distinct from the EU's VAT laws. In Monaco, the typical VAT rate is 20%.

Yet, some products and services—like food, literature, and medicines—might be susceptible to discounted prices. Additionally, some products and services, including those related to finance and real estate, are free from the VAT.

It may be necessary for non-residents who conduct business in Monaco to register for VAT, collect, and remit VAT on their taxable supplies in Monaco. The type of business and the volume of turnover, however, determine the specific rules and requirements.

It is significant to remember that Monaco has signed a number of agreements to prevent double taxation on income and assets with other nations in the world.

Depending on their place of residence, the type of income or assets involved, and the tax requirements of individuals and businesses in Monaco, these treaties may have an impact.

It is always advisable to seek precise and current information on Monaco's customs and VAT laws from a tax expert or the relevant authorities.